Volumes of Revolution

  [ method ][ about x-axis ][ about y-axis ]





A volume(rotated around the x-axis)is calculated by first considering a particular value of a function, y1, up from a value of x at x1 . The line x1y1 may be considered as the 'radius' of the solid at that particular value of x.

If you were to square the y-value and multiply it by pi, then a cross-sectional area would be created.

Making a solid of revolution is simply the method of summing all the cross-sectional areas along the x-axis between two values of x.

(compare: area of a cylinder = cross-sectional area x length)
The method for solids rotated around the y-axis is similar.

Rotation around the x-axis

vol of revolution diagram#1

The volume Vxof a curve y=f(x) rotated around the x-axis between the values of x of a and b, is given by:

vol of revolution equation  x-axis


What is the volume V of the cone swept out by the line y=2x rotated about the x-axis between x=0 and x=5?


vol of revolution problem#1


vols of revolution problem#1



Rotation around the y-axis



vol revolution y-axis


The volume Vyof a curve y=f(x) rotated around the x-axis between the values of y of c and d, is given by:

rotation around y-axis


What is the volume V of the 'frustrum'(cone with smaller cone-shape removed) produced when the line y=2x/3 is rotated around the y-axis, when the centres of the upper and lower areas of the frustrum are at 0,7 and 0,3


solids of revolution problem#2


vols of revolution problem#2


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